20th Century & Old Masters

623

Bernard Aubertin, Untitled 2010.

Mixed media on paper
31 x 45cm

Artist Info:
Bernard Aubertin was born in 1934, French. He is known for his monochromatic red paintings, which create a depersonalized, mediated experience: they symbolize fire and blood, while at the same time allowing him the space for anonymity. A member of the experimental Dusseldorf Zero Group—founded by Heinz Mack, Otto Piene, and Günther Uecker in 1963—Aubertin reacted against Art Informel and Neo-Expressionism and was interested in developing a new art rooted in international collaborations, concepts, and ideas. 
Exhibitions
 
Since the 1960s, his work has been widely exhibited throughout Europe and the United States, including the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum (New York), the Stedelijk Museum (Amsterdam), and the Palais de Tokyo (Paris). 
Notes
 
Aubertin’s work is included in the permanent collections of the Musee de Graz, the Museum of Dusseldorf, and the Centre National de l’Art Contemporain (Paris), among others.
This artwork is a Voiture Brúle.
758

Paul Kostabi

Mixed media on board
61 x 76 cm

Artist Info:
Paul Kostabi was born 1962 in Whittier, California. American artist, musician, music producer and audio engineer, Kostabi has exhibited steadily since 1983 throughout the U.S. and aboard including the UK, France and Germany. He is the brother of Mark Kostabi.
 
Selected Public Collections 
Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum of Art, New York
Paterson Museum, Paterson, New Jersey
New England for Contemporary Art, Brooklyn, Connecticut
Whitney Museum of American Art, video, Paper Tiger Sessions
Nassau County Museum of Art, New York
Museion - Museum of modern and contemporary art, Bolzano Italy

 

647

Jeanne Modigliani

Oil pastel on paper
63 x 48cm

Artist Info:
 
Jeanne Modigliani was born in Nice on the 29th November 1918. She was soon after adopted and brought up by her aunt Margherita Modigliani, in Livorno, her father Amedeo Modigliani's home town. Her childhood was never discussed until she reached adulthood so she was unaware of the lives and tragic deaths of her parents, who both died when she was only 14 months old. However, life was not to be easy for the child of Modigliani either, and as Fascism deepened its hold on Italy poor young Jeanne was identified and persecuted as a Jew – so she left Italy and, like her father before her, took refuge in Paris where she later joined the French Resistance and she was imprisoned for political reasons.
 
As daughter of painter Jeanne Hebutern and the great master Amedeo Modigliani, Jeanne inherited artistic genes and her works are of a stunning, elegant, refined and sensual quality, albeit painting was only one of her many artistic outlooks in life. Jeanne Modigliani died in 1984 in Paris, at the age of 66.
 
Notes: 
 
Probably her most lasting heritage is the faithful and true biography of her father written in 1958 and the product of very intensive, scrupulous and passionate research when she finally discovered who her real father was! "Modigliani, man and myth", was later translated into English from the Italian by Esther Rowland Clifford. 
 
Artworks by Jeanne Modigliani have had some low auctions records but have attracted a lot of interest in recent years. Artworks by Jeanne Modigliani have now become rare collectors items.
 

 

825

Gino Severini

Ink on paper
23.5 x 35.5 cm

Artist Info:
Gino Severini was a painter, designer and writer. He was one of the most important italian artists of the last century. In 1910, he became one of the leading members of the Futurist movement and signed their Technical Manifesto. Subsequently, closely linked to Synthetic Cubism, he regularly met fellow cubists such as Georges Braque and Pablo Picasso and other artists of the French avant-Garde including Modigliani, Juan Gris and Guillaume Apollinaire.
 
In 1921, Severini published his book 'Du Cubisme au Classicisme' in which he explained his theories about the rules of composition and proportion. He was an artistic genius who contributed to the development and the evolution of geometric painting.
 
Notes:
His artworks can be found in the collections of the greatest museums of the world, such as:
MoMa, New York;
Guggenheim, New York;
Guggenheim, Venice;
Guggenheim, Bilbao;
Tate Modern, London and many more.
823

A. R. Penck

Mixed media on paper
50 x 70 cm

Artist Info: 
A. R. Penck is considered a Neo-Expressionist along with artists such as Sigmar Polke and Anselm Kiefer. He is best known for his paintings and sculptures characterized by simplified figures and forms, and neo-primitive symbols and patterns. Born Ralf Winkler, the artist adopted his pseudonym after reading the work of the geologist Albrecht Penck. A.R. Penck lived in East Berlin from 1963 to ’72; unable to exhibit there publicly, he smuggled works out to West Berlin and Switzerland, where he enjoyed enough fame to provide him some protection from the German police. Penck’s style fused spontaneous self-expression with restraint, and pop cultural and art historical influences with political and social concerns. As a sculptor, he was constructing objects as early as the ’60s made from cardboard boxes, slats, used bottles, and tinfoil and later, in the ’80s, he made sometimes-monumental wooden sculptures. Penck was also a jazz musician and published theoretical writings, sometimes juxtaposing or interspersing them with poems. He worked collaboratively at various times with the West German artist Jorg Immendorff.
 
Exhibitions
He was recognized with numerous solo exhibitions at major museums around the world and participated in:
  • Documenta (1972, 1977, 1982, and 1992) in Kassel, Germany
  • Venice Biennale (1984)
802

Brian Willsher

Bronze Sculpture
H: 38 cm

Born in Catford, South London, Brian Willsher studied engineering between 1945 and 1948, and then drifted through a succession of occupations, before finally qualifying as a dental technician.
In 1954, he suffered a near fatal motorbike accident, and spent six months convalescing. During this time he began making plaster objects using techniques learnt through dentistry, and resolved to commit his time to some form of creative work. In 1956, Brian Willsher began working with wood, applying his experimental forms to lamp bases. This fusion of abstract shapes with everyday domestic articles resulted in immediate success. Geoffrey Dunn, of Dunn’s department store in Bromley, Kent, offered him his first exhibition in their shop window, which they called ‘Brian Willsher’s Things’.
 
Shortly afterwards Christopher Heal, of 1960s department store Heal’s, asked him to supply table lamps and lighting for his flagship store on Tottenham Court Road, London. These proved very popular, but Brian Willsher tired of the monotonous production process and of his neighbours’ complaints about the noise of the circular saw. He purchased a bandsaw, which was much quieter, and which allowed him to pursue what he called ‘doodling in wood’. This was the start of Brian Willsher’s career as a sculptor. In 1966, Heal’s give him his first solo exhibition, which proved so successful that a second one followed in 1967. In June 1968, Customs and Excise disputed the status of Brian Willsher’ work, claiming that his creations were ornaments rather than sculpture, and therefore subject to a 40% manufactured goods tax. Some respected names leapt to his defence, as was reported in The Guardian: ‘Here’s pure sculpture, indeed! More than that, memorable sculpture!’, wrote Sculptor Sir Henry Moore.
 
In spite of such praise, Brian Willsher refrained from showing his work in commercial galleries throughout the 1970s and ‘80s, instead subsisting by selling sculpture for nominal sums directly from his studio and market stalls in Hampstead and Covent Garden. By 1989, Brian Willsher was encouraged to start showing in galleries again, with exhibitions at the Belgrave and Boundary Galleries, London in 1990. He was also commissioned to produce larger works, including pieces that can still be seen in Lewisham Hospital. Brian Willsher continued to produce sculptures until 2005, when ill health prevented any further work.
824

Sir Henry Moore

Bronze Sculpture

Henry Spencer Moore (30 July 1898 – 31 August 1986) was an English sculptor and artist.
He was best known for his semi-abstract monumental bronze sculptures which are located around the world as public works of art.
Moore was born in Castleford, the son of a coal miner. After graduating, Henry Moore stayed in London and met other artists who were experimenting with ideas and styles. In the 1930s, he joined an artist group called Unit One, which included Barbara Hepworth, Ben Nicholson and Paul Nash. He was also a member of the British Surrealist movement, and took part in the International Surrealist Exhibition in London in 1936.
During World War II Moore was asked by the War Artists Advisory Committee to document life on the home front. He drew people sheltering in bomb shelters in London underground stations. These drawings, along with those he made later in the coalmines, are considered among his greatest achievements. 
 
Henry Moore’s career was very successful. He won the International Prize for Sculpture at the Venice Biennale of 1948, and was in huge demand. His distinctive sculptures can still be seen in parks and squares in cities all over the world. In 1963 he was awarded the British Order of Merit. (This is awarded to people who have achieved great things in art, literature or science…the letters ‘OM’ are often added after Henry Moore’s name – this stands for ‘Order of Merit’).
 
Henry Moore died in 1986 and buried in the Artist’s Corner at St Paul’s Cathedral.
 
Notes:
By the end of his career, Moore was the world's most successful living artist at auction. In 1982, four years before his death, Sotheby's in New York sold a 6 ft Reclining Figure (1945), for $1.2 million to collector Wendell Cherry. His eight-foot bronze, Reclining Figure: Festival (1951) sold for a record £19.1 million at Christie's, making him the second most expensive 20th-century British artist after Francis Bacon.
 
632

Giorgio De Chirico

Pencil on paper

Artist Info:
Giorgio De Chirico was born in Volos, Greece, to a Genovese mother and a Sicilian father. He studied art in Athens and Florence, moving to Germany in 1906 where he enrolled at the Academy of Fine Arts, Munich. There he read the writings of the philosophers Nietzsche, Arthur Schopenhauer and Otto Weiningerand and also studied the works of Arnold Böcklin and Max Klinger. In the years prior to World War I, De Chirico founded the art movement called "Scuola Metafisica" which profoundly influenced the surrealists.
 
Moving to Florence in 1910, De Chirico painted the first of his 'Metaphysical Town Square' series, 'The Enigma of an Autumn Afternoon'. The following year he moved to Paris and met Pierre Laprade, a member of the jury at the Salon d'Automne, where he exhibited three of his works and subsequently at the Salon des Indépendants and Salon d’Automne. Here, De Chirico won praise for his work almost immediately from the writer Guillaume Apollinaire, who helped to introduce his work to the later Surrealists. De Chirico strongly influenced the Surrealist movement: Yves Tanguy. Other Surrealists who acknowledged De Chirico's influence include Max Ernst, Salvador Dalí and René Magritte. Other artists as diverse as Giorgio Morandi, Carlo Carrà, Paul Delvaux, Carel Willink, Harue Koga, Philip Guston and Sylvia Plath were also influenced deeply by De Chirico.
 
Museum Collections (among others)
Tate Collection, U.K.
Museum of Modern Art, NY
Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY
Guggenheim Collection
Chianciano Art Museum
 
Notes
De Chirico remained extremely active even as he approached his 90th year and in 1974 he was elected to the French Académie des Beaux-Arts.
648

Mark Kostabi

Oil on canvas
47 x 52 cm

Artist Info:
Mark Kostabi was born in Los Angeles on November 27, 1960, to Estonian immigrants Kaljo and Rita Kostabi. He was raised in Whittier, California and studied drawing and painting at California State University, Fullerton. In 1982 he moved to New York and by 1984 he became a prominent figure of the East Village art scene winning the "Proliferation Prize" from the East Village Eye for being in more art exhibitions than any other New York artist.
 
Retrospective exhibitions of Kostabi's paintings have been held at the Mitsukoshi Museum in Tokyo and the Art Museum of Estonia in Tallinn. Kostabi's work is in the permanent collections of the Museum of Modern Art, the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the Guggenheim Museum, the Brooklyn Museum, the National Gallery in Washington D.C., the Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles the Corcoran Gallery of Art, the Yale University Art Gallery the National Gallery of Modern Art in Rome and the Groninger Museum in the Netherlands.
 
His work was published on the cover of the book East Village '85 published by Pelham Press and his paintings were included prominently in numerous East Village shows in museums and galleries internationally. Matteo Editore published a book on Kostabi titled Mark Kostabi and the East Village scene 1983–1987 written by Baird Jones. During the mid-1980s he developed a media persona by publishing self-interviews which commented on the commodification of contemporary art. In 1986 Kostabi designed the Bloomingdales shopping bag. By 1987 his works were widely exhibited in New York galleries and throughout the United States, in Japan, Germany and Australia.
 
His permanent public works include a mural in Palazzo dei Priori in Arezzo, Italy, a large bronze sculpture in the central square of San Benedetto del Tronto, Italy, and a bronze portrait of Pope John Paul II in Velletri, Italy.
570

Ludovic-Rodo Pissarro 1878-1952

Oil on board
57 x 49cm (framed)

Ludovic-Rodolphe Pissarro (known as Rodo), the fourth son of Camille, born in Paris and under his father's tuteledge started drawing from a young age. He worked in various media including tempera, wood engraving (published his first engravings in the anarchist journal, Le Pere Peinard at the age of 16) and lithography; exhibiting regularly at the Salon des Indépendents over a forty year period. In 1898 Rodo joined he brother Georges in Montmartre where he found the night-life of Paris, and the habitués of the cafes, theatres, circuses and cabarets of the area, ready subjects for his work. With his younger brother Paulémile he met artists such as Kees Van Dongen, Maurice de Vlaminck and Raoul Dufy, and in 1905 he participated in the first Fauve exhibition at the Salon des Indépendents. For about ten years Rodo lived and worked in London before finally dividing his time between Paris and Les Andelys in Normandy.

828

Iacopo Negretti know as Palma il Giovane

Oil on canvas

In the 16th century this painting was owned by the Cervini Family, Counts of Siena and later purchased by the Bellanti Family, Counts of Siena.
 
Artist Info:
 
(Venice, 1544 - Venice, 1628)
 
Jacopo Negretti, best known as Jacopo Palma il Giovane or simply Palma Giovane (“Young Palma”) was an Italian Mannerist painter from Venice. After the death of Tintoretto in 1594, Palma became Venice’s dominant artist, perpetuating his style. Outside Venice, he received numerous commissions in the area of Bergamo, then part of the Venetian terraferma dominions, and in central Europe, most prominently from the connoisseur Habsburg Emperor Rudolph II in Prague.
 
Palma was born in Venice into a family of painters, being the great-nephew of the painter Palma Vecchio (“Old Palma”) and the son of Antonio Nigretti (1510/15-1575/85), a minor painter who was himself the pupil of the elder Palma’s workshop manager Bonifazio de’ Pitati and who inherited his shop and clientele after the latter’s death in 1553. The younger Palma seems to have polished his style making copies after Titian.
 
In 1567 Guidobaldo II della Rovere, duke of Urbino, recognized Palma’s talents, supporting him for four years and sending him to Rome, where he remained until about 1572. Shedding most remnants of the Roman style after his return to Venice, Palma inevitably adopted the models and mannerisms of Tintoretto. His early biographers assert that he found a place in the ageing Titian’s workshop ; when the master died, Palma stepped in to finish his last work, the Pietà in the Accademia, Venice. Palma’s first major public commission, three scenes in the Sala del Maggior Consiglio of the Doge’s Palace, came after a fire there in 1577. By the mid-1580s he had absorbed Tintoretto’s versatile figure postures and Titian’s rich surfaces, with an emphasis on light and loose brushstrokes. Sydney Freedberg detected “an occasional discursive opulence à la Veronese ; and inclinations towards descriptive naturalism à la Bassano” in Palma’s oeuvre. By the 1580s, he varied the ingenious combination of subject matter and his patrons’ own eclectic, conservative tastes with “virtuoso skill and a facile intelligence”.
 
Palma worked alongside Veronese and Tintoretto on the decorations in the Doge’s Palace, where he became fully aware of the grand Venetian tradition. From 1580 to 1590 he painted cycles of large canvases for both Venetian confraternities and sacred buildings (the sacristies of San Giacomo dall’Orio and the Gesuiti, the Scuola di San Giovanni Evangelista, and the Ospedaletto dei Crociferi). Thanks to the intelligent way they quoted from Tintoretto and their own narrative drive, these are Palma the Younger’s finest works. After this he went back to official commissions at the Doge’s Palace. He organized his own sizeable studio, producing series of religious and allegorical pictures that can be found throughout the territory of the Venetian Republic. After 1600 he painted mythological subjects for a small circle of intellectuals. On his death in 1628 he was interred in the Basilica di San Giovanni e Paolo, a traditional burial place of the doges.
829

Afro Basaldella

Mixed media on paper

Artist Info:
 
Afro Libio Basaldella (known as Afro) was born on March 4, 1912, in Udine, Italy. His siblings shared his interest in art; he devoted himself to painting while his older brothers Dino and Mirko became sculptors. Afro studied in Florence and Venice, and in 1932 his first solo exhibition was held at Galleria del Milione, Milan. In 1933 Afro started working in a figurative style rich in symbolic accents and pale and ethereal tones, akin to that of the Scuola Romana (Roman School), with which he was temporarily affiliated. Afro moved to Rome in 1938, but served in the Italian army (and participated in the anti-Fascist Resistance) during World War II. He also taught mosaic design at the Accademia di belle arti, Venice, and his work took a new slant, as figuration gradually gave way to a growing interest in Cubism.
Returning to Rome in 1945, Afro encountered tensions between proponents of abstraction and those who favored realism, but he was only marginally involved in these controversies. By the end of the decade he had developed a strand of abstraction based on intersecting geometric planes and expressive juxtapositions of color and light. Increasingly weary of the polemics among painters in Italy, Afro turned his attention to the American scene. In 1950 he traveled to New York for the opening of a group show of Italian artists at the Catherine Viviano Gallery, a venue that hosted his first U.S. solo exhibition later that year and regular exhibitions of his work through 1968.
From 1952 Afro's painting took a new direction, adding fluid signs, rounded contours, and a brighter palette and replacing the angular forms and quasi-monochromatic pictorial language of earlier years. That same year he joined the Gruppo degli Otto Pittori Italiani (Group of eight Italian painters, 1952–54), whose "abstract-concrete" leanings represented an alternative to the Italian abstraction-realism polarization. The group exhibited together at the 1952 Venice Biennale, but by 1954 Afro had distanced himself from the Otto—a move that coincided with the introduction of an increasingly dynamic gesture in his works. More dramatic and spontaneous, Afro's late 1950s works testify to his growing interest in Abstract Expressionism, amplified by his friendship with Willem de Kooning, who stayed in Afro's studio in Rome in 1959, and Afro's frequent visits to the United States. James Johnson Sweeney, art critic and former director of the Guggenheim Museum, authored an early monograph on Afro in 1961. Afro's paintings of the 1960s were increasingly gestural, a tendency that he reversed at the end of the decade when his works became more synthetic and geometric.
Afro participated in international exhibitions, including the Venice Biennale (1952, 1956, 1960); Documenta, Kassel, West Germany (1955, 1959); and The New Decade: 22 European Painters and Sculptors, Museum of Modern Art, New York (1955). He completed a large-scale mural for the UNESCO headquarters in Paris (1958) and had solo shows at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge (1960), and Galerie de France, Paris (1961), as well as a retrospective at Kunsthalle Darmstadt, West Germany (1969). His awards include a prize for best Italian painter at the Venice Biennale (1956) and a Guggenheim International Award (1960). In 1958 the artist completed a large-scale mural for the UNESCO headquarters in Paris. Afro died on July 24, 1976, in Zurich.
826

Giovanni Domenico Tiepolo (1727-1804)

Ink on paper

Original drawing exhibited at the Royal Academy, London and at the National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa.
 
Artist Info:
Although very successful as a painter and engraver, Giovanni Domenico Tiepolo made some of his most provocative works as drawings. He trained in the studio of his famous father, Giovanni Battista Tiepolo, and was independently producing works for his own commissions by the age of twenty. He continued to work with his father while at times executing his own designs, until his father's death in 1770. His subjects, both religious and secular, reveal that he developed a more straightforward approach to composition than his father's work demonstrates. 
 
Collections:
The Art Gallery of New South Wales (Sydney, Australia), the Blanton Museum of Art (University of Texas, Austin), the Cleveland Museum of Art, the Finnish National Gallery, the Honolulu Museum of Art, the Indiana University Art Museum, Kunst Indeks Danmark, the Minneapolis Institute of Arts, the Musée des Beaux-Arts de Caen, the Musée des Beaux-Arts de Strasbourg, the Musée du Louvre (Paris), Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum (Madrid), Museu Nacional d'Art de Catalunya (Barcelona), the National Gallery, London, the National Museums and Galleries of Wales, the Philadelphia Museum of Art, Pinacoteca Ambrosiana (Milan), Pinacoteca di Brera (Milan), the Portland Art Museum, the Royal Museums of Fine Arts of Belgium, the Seattle Art Museum, the Los Angeles County Museum of Art, the Victoria and Albert Museum and the Wadsworth Atheneum are among the public collections holding paintings by Giovanni Domenico Tiepolo.
591

Mario Schifano (1934-1938)

Mixed media on paper
73 x 51cm

Mario Schifano (20 September 1934, Khoms, Libya – 26 January 1998, Rome, Italy ) was an Italian painter and collagist of the Postmodern tradition. 
He is considered one of the most significant and pre-eminent artists of Italian postmodernism.
His work has been exhibited in the famous 1962 "New Realists" show at the Sidney Janis Gallery with other young Pop art and Nouveau réalisme luminaries, including Andy Warhol and Roy Lichtenstein.
He became part of the core group of artists comprising the "Scuola romana" alongside Franco Angeli and Tano Festa. Reputed as a prolific and exuberant artist, he nonetheless struggled with a lifelong drug habit that earned him the label maledetto, or "cursed".
This is a recorded work at the Foundation Mario Schifano (Rome). 
 
Exhibitions: 
2001, San Bonifacio VR Gallery Bluart "Mario Schifano, Planet of images dinosaure. 
 
Bibliography: 
"Methodological study concerning the cataloging of data relating to the works of Mario Schifano present at the Foundation MS Multistudio", volume IV, works on paper 1955-1998, page 197, 93/314 repertoire. 
"Mario Schifano, Planet of images Dinosaure" exhibition held at the Art Gallery Boxart (San Bonifacio-VR) in 2001, page 39. 
"Tribute to Mario Schifano," curated by Luca Beatrice, organized by the Lions Club Montagnana Este-Host, at the Hall of the Austrian Castel San Zeno (Montagnana-PD), from 31 March to 21 April 2007, page 40.
650

Paul Kostabi 'Stupidly Smart 2005'

Mixed media on canvas
76cm x56cm

Artist Info:
 
Born 1962 in Whittier, California, an American artist, musician, music producer and audio engineer, Kostabi has exhbited steadily since 1983 throughout the U.S. and aboard including the U.K., France and Germany. He is the brother of Mark Kostabi.
 
Selected public collections:
 
Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum of Art, New York
Paterson Museum, Paterson, New Jersey
New England for Contemporary Art, Brooklyn, Connecticut
Whitney Museum of American Art, video, Paper Tiger Sessions
Nassau County Museum of Art, New York
Museion - Museum of modern and contemporary art, Bolzano Italy
631

Giorgio De Chirico

Mixed media on paper

Artist Info:
Giorgio De Chirico was born in Volos, Greece, to a Genovese mother and a Sicilian father. He studied art in Athens and Florence, moving to Germany in 1906 where he enrolled at the Academy of Fine Arts, Munich. There he read the writings of the philosophers Nietzsche, Arthur Schopenhauer and Otto Weiningerand and also studied the works of Arnold Böcklin and Max Klinger. In the years prior to World War I, De Chirico founded the art movement called "Scuola Metafisica" which profoundly influenced the surrealists.
 
Moving to Florence in 1910, De Chirico painted the first of his 'Metaphysical Town Square' series, 'The Enigma of an Autumn Afternoon'. The following year he moved to Paris and met Pierre Laprade, a member of the jury at the Salon d'Automne, where he exhibited three of his works and subsequently at the Salon des Indépendants and Salon d’Automne. Here, De Chirico won praise for his work almost immediately from the writer Guillaume Apollinaire, who helped to introduce his work to the later Surrealists. De Chirico strongly influenced the Surrealist movement: Yves Tanguy. Other Surrealists who acknowledged De Chirico's influence include Max Ernst, Salvador Dalí and René Magritte. Other artists as diverse as Giorgio Morandi, Carlo Carrà, Paul Delvaux, Carel Willink, Harue Koga, Philip Guston and Sylvia Plath were also influenced deeply by De Chirico.
 
Museum Collections (among others)
Tate Collection, U.K.
Museum of Modern Art, NY
Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY
Guggenheim Collection
Chianciano Art Museum
 
Notes
De Chirico remained extremely active even as he approached his 90th year and in 1974 he was elected to the French Académie des Beaux-Arts.
827

Luca Giordano (1634-1705)

Charcoal on paper

Artist Info:

Luca Giordano (18 October 1634 – 12 January 1705) was an Italian late Baroque painter and printmaker in etching. Fluent and decorative, he worked successfully in Naples and Rome, Florence and Venice, before spending a decade in Spain. Following a period studying in Rome, Parma and Venice, Giordano developed an elaborate Baroque style fusing Venetian and Roman Influences. His mature work combines the ornamental pomp of Paul Veronese with the lively complex schemes, the "grand manner", of Pietro da Cortona. He is also noted for his lively and showy use of colour. In 1682–1683 Giordano painted various fresco series in Florence, including one in the dome of Corsini Chapel of the Chiesa del Carmine. In the large block occupied by the former Medici palace, he painted the ceiling of the Biblioteca Riccardiana (Allegory of Divine Wisdom) and the long gallery of the Palazzo Medici-Riccardi. 

653

Tano Festa

Mixed media on canvas
48.5 x 68.5 cm

Artist Info:
Tano Festa was an Italian visual artist who was born in 1938. Tano Festa has had several gallery and museum exhibitions, including at the Palazzo delle Esposizioni and at the MACRO - Museo d`Arte Contemporanea Roma. In 1980 he participates in the XL Biennial of Venice.
Notes
Numerous works by the artist have been sold at auction, including 'Odalisca' sold at Christie's Milan 'Contemporary And Modern Art' in 2009 for $230,443.
801

Brian Willsher

Bronze Sculpture
H: 32 cm

Artist Info:
 
Born in Catford, South London, Brian Willsher studied engineering between 1945 and 1948, and then drifted through a succession of occupations, before finally qualifying as a dental technician.
In 1954, he suffered a near fatal motorbike accident, and spent six months convalescing. During this time he began making plaster objects using techniques learnt through dentistry, and resolved to commit his time to some form of creative work. In 1956, Brian Willsher began working with wood, applying his experimental forms to lamp bases. This fusion of abstract shapes with everyday domestic articles resulted in immediate success. Geoffrey Dunn, of Dunn’s department store in Bromley, Kent, offered him his first exhibition in their shop window, which they called ‘Brian Willsher’s Things’.
 
Shortly afterwards Christopher Heal, of 1960s department store Heal’s, asked him to supply table lamps and lighting for his flagship store on Tottenham Court Road, London. These proved very popular, but Brian Willsher tired of the monotonous production process and of his neighbours’ complaints about the noise of the circular saw. He purchased a bandsaw, which was much quieter, and which allowed him to pursue what he called ‘doodling in wood’. This was the start of Brian Willsher’s career as a sculptor. In 1966, Heal’s give him his first solo exhibition, which proved so successful that a second one followed in 1967. In June 1968, Customs and Excise disputed the status of Brian Willsher’ work, claiming that his creations were ornaments rather than sculpture, and therefore subject to a 40% manufactured goods tax. Some respected names leapt to his defence, as was reported in The Guardian: ‘Here’s pure sculpture, indeed! More than that, memorable sculpture!’, wrote Sculptor Sir Henry Moore.
 
In spite of such praise, Brian Willsher refrained from showing his work in commercial galleries throughout the 1970s and ‘80s, instead subsisting by selling sculpture for nominal sums directly from his studio and market stalls in Hampstead and Covent Garden. By 1989, Brian Willsher was encouraged to start showing in galleries again, with exhibitions at the Belgrave and Boundary Galleries, London in 1990. He was also commissioned to produce larger works, including pieces that can still be seen in Lewisham Hospital. Brian Willsher continued to produce sculptures until 2005, when ill health prevented any further work.
595

Raoul Dufy

Mixed media on paper

Raoul Dufy (3 June 1877 – 23 March 1953) was a French Fauvist painter, brother of Jean Dufy. He developed a colorful, decorative style that became fashionable for designs of ceramics and textiles, as well as decorative schemes for public buildings. He was also a draftsman, printmaker, book illustrator, scenic designer, a designer of furniture, and a planner of public spaces. Dufy completed one of the largest paintings ever contemplated, a huge and immensely popular ode to electricity, the fresco La Fée Electricité for the 1937 Exposition Internationale in Paris. Dufy also acquired a reputation as an illustrator and as a commercial artist. He painted murals for public buildings; he also produced a huge number of tapestries and ceramic designs. His plates appear in books by Guillaume Apollinaire, Stéphane Mallarmé, and André Gide.

In 1909, Raoul Dufy was commissioned by Paul Poiret to design stationery for the house, and after 1912 designed textile patterns for Bianchini-Ferier used in Poiret's and Charvet's garments. In 1952 he received the grand prize for painting in the 26th Venice Biennale. He was buried near Matisse in the Cimiez Monastery Cemetery in Cimiez, a suburb of the city of Nice.

Among the public collections holding works by Raoul Dufy are:

  • Van Abbemuseum
  • Museum de Fundatie, Zwolle, Netherlands
  • McNay Art Museum

This is an original design made for Bianchini-Ferier Maison de Lyon and featured in catalog raisonné of fabric designs by Dufy.

649

Marco Lodola

64cm x 54cm

Artist Info:
Marco Lodola was born in Dorno (Pavia). He graduated from the Academy of Art in Florence and Brera Milan.
In the early 80’s he and a group of artists founded the movement “New Futurism”.
He has participated in exhibitions and projects for major industries.
 
Notes: 
His iconic imagery has been commissioned by Swatch, Coca Cola, Harley Davidson, Ducati, Illy Coffee, Dash, Carlsberg, Valentino, Coveri, Seat, Fiat and Saatchi & Saatchi, etc.
In 1994 Lodola was invited by the chinese government to show his art in the ex-archives of the Imperial City of Beijing. In 2001 he curated the imagery for the Carneval of Venice and in 2005 he created the poster for the Turin Winter olympics.
He has exhibited at the last 3 editions of the prestigious Venice Biennale 2009-11-15, at the Milan EXPO 2015 and in many museums around the world. 
 
799

Brian Willsher

Bronze Sculpture
H: 27 cm

Born in Catford, South London, Brian Willsher studied engineering between 1945 and 1948, and then drifted through a succession of occupations, before finally qualifying as a dental technician.
In 1954, he suffered a near fatal motorbike accident, and spent six months convalescing. During this time he began making plaster objects using techniques learnt through dentistry, and resolved to commit his time to some form of creative work. In 1956, Brian Willsher began working with wood, applying his experimental forms to lamp bases. This fusion of abstract shapes with everyday domestic articles resulted in immediate success. Geoffrey Dunn, of Dunn’s department store in Bromley, Kent, offered him his first exhibition in their shop window, which they called ‘Brian Willsher’s Things’.
 
Shortly afterwards Christopher Heal, of 1960s department store Heal’s, asked him to supply table lamps and lighting for his flagship store on Tottenham Court Road, London. These proved very popular, but Brian Willsher tired of the monotonous production process and of his neighbours’ complaints about the noise of the circular saw. He purchased a bandsaw, which was much quieter, and which allowed him to pursue what he called ‘doodling in wood’. This was the start of Brian Willsher’s career as a sculptor. In 1966, Heal’s give him his first solo exhibition, which proved so successful that a second one followed in 1967. In June 1968, Customs and Excise disputed the status of Brian Willsher’ work, claiming that his creations were ornaments rather than sculpture, and therefore subject to a 40% manufactured goods tax. Some respected names leapt to his defence, as was reported in The Guardian: ‘Here’s pure sculpture, indeed! More than that, memorable sculpture!’, wrote Sculptor Sir Henry Moore.
 
In spite of such praise, Brian Willsher refrained from showing his work in commercial galleries throughout the 1970s and ‘80s, instead subsisting by selling sculpture for nominal sums directly from his studio and market stalls in Hampstead and Covent Garden. By 1989, Brian Willsher was encouraged to start showing in galleries again, with exhibitions at the Belgrave and Boundary Galleries, London in 1990. He was also commissioned to produce larger works, including pieces that can still be seen in Lewisham Hospital. Brian Willsher continued to produce sculptures until 2005, when ill health prevented any further work.
658

Giorgio De Chirico

Pencil on paper

Artist Info:
Giorgio De Chirico was born in Volos, Greece, to a Genovese mother and a Sicilian father. He studied art in Athens and Florence, moving to Germany in 1906 where he enrolled at the Academy of Fine Arts, Munich. There he read the writings of the philosophers Nietzsche, Arthur Schopenhauer and Otto Weiningerand and also studied the works of Arnold Böcklin and Max Klinger. In the years prior to World War I, De Chirico founded the art movement called "Scuola Metafisica" which profoundly influenced the surrealists.
 
Moving to Florence in 1910, De Chirico painted the first of his 'Metaphysical Town Square' series, 'The Enigma of an Autumn Afternoon'. The following year he moved to Paris and met Pierre Laprade, a member of the jury at the Salon d'Automne, where he exhibited three of his works and subsequently at the Salon des Indépendants and Salon d’Automne. Here, De Chirico won praise for his work almost immediately from the writer Guillaume Apollinaire, who helped to introduce his work to the later Surrealists. De Chirico strongly influenced the Surrealist movement: Yves Tanguy. Other Surrealists who acknowledged De Chirico's influence include Max Ernst, Salvador Dalí and René Magritte. Other artists as diverse as Giorgio Morandi, Carlo Carrà, Paul Delvaux, Carel Willink, Harue Koga, Philip Guston and Sylvia Plath were also influenced deeply by De Chirico.
 
Museum Collections (among others)
Tate Collection, U.K.
Museum of Modern Art, NY
Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY
Guggenheim Collection
Chianciano Art Museum
 
Notes
De Chirico remained extremely active even as he approached his 90th year and in 1974 he was elected to the French Académie des Beaux-Arts.
744

Bernard Aubertin

Mixed media on board
45 x 45 cm

Artist Info:
Bernard Aubertin was born in 1934, French. He is known for his monochromatic red paintings, which create a depersonalized, mediated experience: they symbolize fire and blood, while at the same time allowing him the space for anonymity. A member of the experimental Dusseldorf Zero Group—founded by Heinz Mack, Otto Piene, and Günther Uecker in 1963—Aubertin reacted against Art Informel and Neo-Expressionism and was interested in developing a new art rooted in international collaborations, concepts, and ideas. 
Exhibitions
 
Since the 1960s, his work has been widely exhibited throughout Europe and the United States, including the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum (New York), the Stedelijk Museum (Amsterdam), and the Palais de Tokyo (Paris). 
Notes
 
Aubertin’s work is included in the permanent collections of the Musee de Graz, the Museum of Dusseldorf, and the Centre National de l’Art Contemporain (Paris), among others.
This artwork is a Voiture Brúle.
652

Sandro Chia

Mixed media on paper
33.5x27.5 cm

Artist Info:
Sandro Chia was born in Florence in 1946. He studied at the Istituto d’Arte and then at the Accademia di Belle Arti in Florence where he graduated in 1969. After graduation, he travelled extensively in India, Turkey and throughout Europe before settling in Rome in 1970. During the 1970’s he began to exhibit in Rome and Europe, gradually moving away from conceptual  works towards a more figurative style of painting. Between September 1980 and August 1981 he received a scholarship from the city of Monchengladbach in Germany where he moved to work for a year. The following year he moved  to New York City, where he will remain for over two decades, with frequent trips back to Montalcino, near Siena in Italy.
 
He is part of the Italian “Transavanguardia” movement, exhibiting in many of the most important museums and galleries of the world. He has exhibited at the Biennale of Paris and San Paolo and three times at the Venice Biennale. His work has been part of  internationally acclaimed museum group shows. Amongst his most important personal shows are exhibitions at the Stedelijk Museum of Amsterdam (1983), the Metropolitan Museum of New York (1984), the National Galerie of Berlin (1984, 1992), the Museum of Modern Art of Paris (1984); the Museums of Dusseldorf (1984), Antwerp (1989), Mexico City (1989); Palazzo Medici Riccardi in Florence (1991); the Museums of Karlsruhe (1992), Palm Springs (1993), Villa Medici in Rome (1995); Palazzo Reale in Milan (1997), the Boca Raton Museum of Art, Florida (1997), the Galleria Civica of Siena (1997), the Galleria Civica in Trento (2000), the Museo d’Arte of Ravenna (2000); Palazzo Pitti and the Museo Archeologico Nazionale of Florence (2002); and most recently the Duomo of St. Agostino in Pietrasanta (2005) and Galleria Nazionale di Arte Moderna of Rome (GNAM) (2010).
 
Sandro Chia Museum Exhibitions and collections (among others):
 
Tate Collection
Metropolitan Museum of New York
Museum of Modern Art of Paris
National Galerie of Berlin
Stedelijk Museum of Amsterdam
Palazzo Medici Riccardi in Florence
Palazzo Reale in Milan
Villa Medici in Rome
Boca Raton Museum of Art, Florida
Galleria Nazionale di Arte Moderna of Rome
 
Notes
An artwork by Sando Chia was sold for £252,500 in 2007 (Christie's, Lot 263, oil on canvas, 194.9 x 259.7cm)
 
In 2003, the Italian State acquired three important works of his for the permanent collection of the Italian Senate at Palazzo Madama, and in 2005 two monumental sculptures were acquired by the Province of Rome and placed in front of its headquarters in Via IV Novembre, Rome.
 

 

624

Bernard Aubertin

Mixed media on paper
31 x 45cm

Artist Info:
Bernard Aubertin was born in 1934, French. He is known for his monochromatic red paintings, which create a depersonalized, mediated experience: they symbolize fire and blood, while at the same time allowing him the space for anonymity. A member of the experimental Dusseldorf Zero Group—founded by Heinz Mack, Otto Piene, and Günther Uecker in 1963—Aubertin reacted against Art Informel and Neo-Expressionism and was interested in developing a new art rooted in international collaborations, concepts, and ideas. 
Exhibitions
 
Since the 1960s, his work has been widely exhibited throughout Europe and the United States, including the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum (New York), the Stedelijk Museum (Amsterdam), and the Palais de Tokyo (Paris). 
Notes
 
Aubertin’s work is included in the permanent collections of the Musee de Graz, the Museum of Dusseldorf, and the Centre National de l’Art Contemporain (Paris), among others.
This artwork is a Voiture Brúle.